Cyprus is a paradise island that is located at the east of the Mediterranean Sea; from Assyrians to Egyptians, Persians to Romans, it bears traces from many civilizations. After the Early Bronze Age, many Middle Eastern countries have occupied the island. The trend of a commercial growth in the Salamis region continued with Hellenistic and Roman domination.
Kyrenia Harbour and its Castle called pearl of Mediterranean, has a nice view and ancient shipwreck museum that is worth seeing. Cyprus is the home of the Kyrenia Castle, the St. Hilarion Castle and the Kantara Castle. These castles have an awesome view, from which you are able to see and enjoy the coastline and the Five-finger Mountains.
For the past 500 years, the island has changed hands through Richard Lionheart, the French Luzignan Family, the Venetians and the Ottomans, respectively, in the middle of the 19th century. After opening of the Suez Canal, Britain has built many new roads, pipelines, agricultural irrigation and railways to protect trade way to India, and because of this strategic location, they claimed rights for Cyprus. Cyprus has declared its independence in 1960 and as a result of the developments, the Turkish Community has left the Republic of Cyprus in 1963. In 1974, Cyprus officially divided in two parts. The Greeks have been replaced to the South and the Turks to the North of the Island. Independent Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) has been founded in 1983.
The TRNC is located at the northern and eastern regions of the island of Cyprus. While the passengers flying to the Ercan Airport, the international airport of TRNC, they have to transit via Turkey. Citizens of the Republic of Turkey can only enter the southern part of the country from either Larnaca or Paphos International Airports, or Limassol Port coming from a different country than Turkey. However, they must depart and go back to their countries from the same way. Sadly, they cannot enter the TRNC or they cannot enter the southern side of the Cyprus from the north. Many nationals who are not citizens of the Republic of Turkey can easily enter and leave the southern side of the Cyprus from TRNC.
Visa requested countries: www.cyprusvisa.eu/countries-required-entry-visa-cyprus.html
Countries without visa requirements: www.cyprusvisa.eu/countries-not-required-entry-visa-cyprus.html
The official language of TRNC is Turkish. Also many people speak English fluently. Traffic goes from left on the island, the electrical system of the TRNC is the same with the Britain, and also requires a triple plug to use. The currency is Turkish Lira, and life is less costly than the South side. Euro and English Pound are accepted by many companies, restaurants, markets etc. The capital city is Nicosia where the Near East University is located and many other universities as well. The Near East University is the biggest university with the greatest number of students in the island. The Veterinary Faculty is the only veterinary education given faculty in the whole island and it is among the very few private veterinary faculties in the world.
The most beautiful month on the island is September with a mean temperature of 25-30 °C. The capital city is Nicosia where the Near East University is located and many other universities, as well. The Near East University is the biggest university with the greatest number of students in the island. The Veterinary Faculty is the only veterinary education given faculty in the whole island and it is among the very few private veterinary faculties in the world.
Nicosia is the common capital of the two countries, and perhaps the only divided city in the world with the border crossing that is located in the middle of the town.